Evidence for earliest olive oil production in submerged settlements off the Carmel coast, Israel

TitleEvidence for earliest olive oil production in submerged settlements off the Carmel coast, Israel
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsGalili, E, Stanley, DJ, Sharvit, Y, Weinstein, EM
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Pagination1141-1150
Abstract

Thousands of crushed olive stones with olive pulp are concentrated in pits at the Kfar Samir prehistoric settlement off the Carmel coast south of Haifa. Observations at this site, and at other Late Neolithic to Early Chalcolithic offshore settlements in this region, record an olive-oil technology that began along the Carmel coastal plain as early as 6500 years ago. This is about 500 years earlier than previously held. These new finds help define the technology of olive-oil production and refine the chronological definition of cultural units along the southern Levant coast during the 7th millenniumbp, a time of major transition between the end of the Neolithic and beginning of the Chalcolithic.

DOI10.1006/jasc.1997.0193