Lithological anomalies in a relict coastal dune: Geophysical and paleoenvironmental markers

TitleLithological anomalies in a relict coastal dune: Geophysical and paleoenvironmental markers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsBuynevich, IV, Bitinas, A, Pupienis, D
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume34
Issue9
Pagination1-5
Date PublishedMay 11
ISSN0094-8276
Accession NumberWOS:000246494000004
Abstract

Ground exposures of migration surfaces (slipfaces) of a relict Holocene coastal dune along the southeastern Baltic Sea coast provide an ideal opportunity for establishing the causes of prominent reflections on geophysical profiles. High-amplitude reflections on high-resolution ground-penetrating radar (GPR) images correlate well with two major lithological anomalies: 1) paleosols developed on dune slipfaces, and 2) slipfaces consisting of heavy-mineral concentrations (HMCs). Paleosols serve as indicators of dune stability, represent datable chronostratigraphic surfaces, and help reconstruct dune paleo-morphology. HMCs have substantially higher magnetic susceptibility values than background quartz-rich sands and, where they are well-developed, can be also used for spatial correlation. Based on their occurrence at the study site, these enriched horizons likely represent periods of increased wind activity ( storminess). Multiple HMCs upwind of paleosol P1 ( 800 670 cal years BP) likely reflect periods of intensified wind activity along the southeast Baltic region during the Medieval Warm Period.

DOI10.1029/2007GL029767