Installation of a 134-sample MC-SNICS ion source at NOSAMS and first results

TitleInstallation of a 134-sample MC-SNICS ion source at NOSAMS and first results
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
Authorsvon Reden, KF, Bellino, M, Long, P, Schneider, RJ, Loger, R
JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Date PublishedOct
ISBN Number0168-583X
KeywordsAMS, beam extraction/injection, C-14, ion sources, ocean, pacific

In April 1999, the National Ocean Sciences AMS (NOSAMS) facility received the shipment of a 134-sample MC-SNICS ion source from the National Electrostatics Corporation (NEC). It replaced one of the two 59-sample spherical ionizer sources (US-AMS Model 3090A, HVEE Model 846). In this paper, we will describe the adaptation of the NEC ion source to the US-AMS/HVEE recombinator injector at NOSAMS. This is the first lime that the two leading sputter ion source designs are directly comparable on the same system. We will present ion beam optics calculations for both in comparison with measured results. Once fully operational, the new ion source will assume all of the sputter sample measurements at NOSAMS, while the remaining 59-sample source will be replaced by the newly developed microwave gas ion source. One of the most desirable features of the MC-SNICS design is the smaller cathode geometry. At comparable extracted currents, the surface diameter of the pressed samples is reduced from 1.5 to 1 mm. A new, automatic sample pressing procedure is being developed for this design. This will improve the capability for preparing and analyzing smaller sputter samples (carbon weight <100 g). Our US-AMS cathodes showed considerable reduction in the extracted currents when the sample diameter was reduced to 1 mm, even with samples of normal size (>200 mug C). (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.