Late Holocene Paleomagnetic Secular Variation in the Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean

TitleLate Holocene Paleomagnetic Secular Variation in the Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsWest, G, Nilsson, A, Geels, A, Jakobsson, M, Moros, M, Muschitiello, F, Pearce, C, Snowball, I, O’Regan, M
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Date Published05/2022

The geomagnetic field behavior in polar regions remains poorly understood and documented. Although a number of Late Holocene paleomagnetic secular variation (PSV) records exist from marginal settings of the Amerasian Basin in the Arctic Ocean, their age control often relies on a handful of radiocarbon dates to constrain ages over the past 4,200 years. Here we present well-dated Late Holocene PSV records from two sediment cores recovered from the Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean. The records are dated using 26 14C measurements, with local marine reservoir corrections calibrated using tephra layers from the 3.6 cal ka BP Aniakchak eruption in Northern Alaska. These 14C-based chronologies are extended into the post-bomb era using caesium-137 dating, and mercury isochrons. Paleomagnetic measurements and rock magnetic analyses reveal stable characteristic remanent magnetization directions, and a magnetic mineralogy dominated by low-coercivity minerals. The PSV records conform well to global spherical harmonic field model outputs. Centennial to millennial scale directional features are synchronous between the cores and other Western Arctic records from the area. Due to the robust chronology, these new high-resolution PSV records provide a valuable contribution to the characterization of geomagnetic field behavior in the Arctic over the past few thousand years, and can aid in developing age models for suitable sediments found in this region.