Late Quaternary record of pteropod preservation from the Andaman Sea

TitleLate Quaternary record of pteropod preservation from the Andaman Sea
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsSijinkumar, AV, B. Nath, N, Guptha, MVS
JournalMarine Geology

In order to understand the glacial to interglacial fluctuations in pteropod preservation and productivity during the late Quaternary (similar to 54 ka BP to present), we investigated pteropod, organic carbon (Cord and Globigerina bulloides abundance in a deep sea core from the western Andaman Sea. Pteropod abundance and preservation is similar to the "Indo-Pacific carbonate preservation type", showing better preservation during glacial and poor preservation during interglacial periods. The core site appears to have remained below the aragonite compensation depth (ACD) throughout the Holocene, indicated by the total absence of pteropods. Maximum abundance and good preservation of pteropods was observed during stadials such as Younger Dryas (YD), Heinrich Events (HEs) and Last Glacial Maxima (LGM) indicating weaker oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) and deeper ACD. Furthermore, the high relative abundance of mesopelagic pteropods over epipelagic forms suggests a well ventilated water column with weak OMZ particularly during LGM, apparently driven by intense winter monsoon. Increased monsoon-driven productivity was observed during 45-40 ka, of early Marine Isotope stage 2 (MIS 2, 24-22 ka), Bolling/Allered (B/A; 15-13.5 ka), YD and late Holocene as evidenced by Cor, content and G. bulloides. Enhanced pteropod preservation of H1 associated with low C(org) content and G. bulloides suggests that reduced monsoonal driven productivity might have influenced pteropod preservation. Deglacial preservation spike in the Andaman Sea is consistent with other northern Indian Ocean records and elsewhere outside the Indian Ocean implying the event is global in nature, marked by deepening of ACD probably driven by enhancement of winter monsoon on local and changes in intermediate water circulation on regional scale. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.